That same year he began attending St John's College, Cambridge. [8][27] (It has been argued that Wordsworth was a great influence on Keble's immensely popular book of devotional poetry, The Christian Year (1827). [8] Dorothy suffered from a severe illness in 1829 that rendered her an invalid for the remainder of her life. He attempted to get the play staged in November 1797, but it was rejected by Thomas Harris, the manager of the Covent Garden Theatre, who proclaimed it "impossible that the play should succeed in the representation". After returning to … The Wordsworth family home, Cockermouth: but the building belonged to Sir James Lowther. Read more about this topic: William Wordsworth. In 1798–99 he started an autobiographical poem, which he referred to as the "poem to Coleridge" and which he planned would serve as an appendix to a larger work called The Recluse. Together Wordsworth and Coleridge (with insights from Dorothy) produced Lyrical Ballads (1798), an important work in the English Romantic movement. Up to this point, Wordsworth was known only for Lyrical Ballads, and he hoped that this new collection would cement his reputation. Wordsworth and his wife planted this field of daffodils near their home after their daughter Dora's death from tuberculosis. Wordsworth's Grave Final resting place of William and Mary Wordsworth. She Was a Phantom of Delight was written in 1803 and published in 1807. Immediate Family: Daughter of John Hutchinson and Mary Hutchinson (Monkhouse) Wife of William Wordsworth. He is remembered as a poet of spiritual and epistemological speculation, a poet concerned with the human relationship to nature and a fierce advocate of using the vocabulary and speech patterns of common people in poetry. She gave birth to their daughter in December 1792. The poem is a classic example of uxorious poetry – poetry written about the love for a wife – and although its meaning is fairly straightforward, a… [25], Wordsworth remained a formidable presence in his later years. William was also allowed to use his father's library. Dorothy Wordsworth ( his sister), Mary Wordsworth (his wife), Catherine, Thomas and Dora Wordsworth ( his children), Sara Hutchinson (Mary's sister) and Hartley Coleridge (son of S.T. The Wordsworth never could approve of Coleridge’s neglect of his wife to pursue Sara Hutchinson (whose sister Mary became Mrs. William Wordsworth), … The rebuff was not received lightly by Wordsworth and the play was not published until 1842, after substantial revision.[17]. Eva Bartok was both a beautiful lady and a talented actor whose roots were in classical theater. For two years from 1795, William and his sister Dorothy lived at Racedown House in Dorset—a property of the Pinney family—to the west of Pilsdon Pen. The following year, Mary gave birth to the first of five children, three of whom predeceased William and Mary: Read more about this topic:  William Wordsworth, “It appears that ordinary men take wives because possession is not possible without marriage, and that ordinary women accept husbands because marriage is not possible without possession; with totally differing aims the method is the same on both sides.”—Thomas Hardy (1840–1928), “Children belong in families, which, ideally, serve as a sanctuary and a cushion from the world at large. Coleridge and Charles Lamb both died in 1834, their loss being a difficult blow to Wordsworth. [28]) In 1842, the government awarded him a Civil List pension of £300 a year. In 1802, a temporary lull in fighting between England and France meant that Wordsworth was able to see Vallon and their daughter, Caroline. They had three other siblings: Richard, the eldest, who became a lawyer; John, born after Dorothy, who went to sea and died in 1805 when the ship of which he was captain, the Earl of Abergavenny, was wrecked off the south coast of England; and Christopher, the youngest, who entered the Church and rose to be Master of Trinity College, Cambridge. A fourth and final edition of Lyrical Ballads was published in 1805. William "Willy" Wordsworth. William Wordsworth (1770-1850) was a major Romantic poet, based in the Lake District, England. Previous Next . After his death in 1850, Wordsworth’s wife, Mary Hutchinson published his semi-autobiography, The Prelude, a poetic collection of 14 books It was posthumously titled and published by his wife in the year of his death, before which it was generally known as "the poem to Coleridge". William Wordsworth (7 April 1770 – 23 April 1850) was an English Romantic poet who, with Samuel Taylor Coleridge, helped to launch the Romantic Age in English literature with their joint publication Lyrical Ballads (1798). He received his BA degree in 1791. Early life of William Wordsworth. John Wordsworth (18 June 1803 – 1875). William was the second son of John Wordsworth, attorney-at-law and law-agent to Sir James Lowther, afterwards Earl of Lonsdale. It was at the school that Wordsworth was to meet the Hutchinsons, including Mary, who would be his future wife. On 4 October, following his visit with Dorothy to France to arrange matters with Annette, Wordsworth married his childhood friend Mary Hutchinson. William Wordsworth (1770-1850) was an English poet who, with Samuel Taylor Coleridge, launched the Romantic Age in English literature with the joint publication of Lyrical Ballads in 1798. It was this repayment that afforded Wordswoth the financial means to marry, and on October 4, following his visit with Dorothy to France to arrange matters with Annette, Wordsworth married a childhood friend, Mary Hutchinson. This was the immediate cause of the brother and sister's settling at Dove Cottage in Grasmere in the Lake District, this time with another poet, Robert Southey, nearby. The sudden death of his daughter Dora in 1847 at age 42 was difficult for the aging poet to take and in his depression, he completely gave up writing new material. [15] In this preface, which some scholars consider a central work of Romantic literary theory, Wordsworth discusses what he sees as the elements of a new type of verse, one that is based on the ordinary language "really used by men" while avoiding the poetic diction of much 18th-century verse. What was the name of William Wordsworth’s wife? SPOUSE. Wordsworth’s magnum opus (his masterpiece) is considered to be The Prelude, published by his wife, Mary, in the year of his death, months after he expired. The poem is a lyrical ballad with an AABBCCDDEE rhyme scheme. Thomas Wordsworth (15 June 1806 – 1 December 1812). Catherine Wordsworth (6 September 1808 – 4 June 1812). Financial problems and Britain's tense relations with France forced him to return to England alone the following year. In 1790 he went on a walking tour of Europe, during which he toured the Alps extensively, and visited nearby areas of France, Switzerland, and Italy.[7]. Wordsworth regretted his inability to fluently read modern poetic languages such as … (a) 12 January 1762 [2], Wordsworth's father was a legal representative of James Lowther, 1st Earl of Lonsdale, and, through his connections, lived in a large mansion in the small town. The new text includes ampler consideration of Wordsworth’s wife and sister, and an updated frame of critical references. In 1813 he accepted the post of distributor of stamps for the county of Westmorland, an appointment that carried the salary of £400 a year. In 1838, Wordsworth received an honorary doctorate in Civil Law from the University of Durham and the following year he was awarded the same honorary degree by the University of Oxford, when John Keble praised him as the "poet of humanity", praise greatly appreciated by Wordsworth. He remarked in 1812 that he was willing to shed his blood for the established Church of England, reflected in his Ecclesiastical Sketches of 1822. The purpose of the visit was to prepare Annette for the fact of his forthcoming marriage to Mary Hutchinson. William Wordsworth was a famous English poet who played a central role in the English Romantic Movement. "[12], In 1797, the pair moved to Alfoxton House, Somerset, just a few miles away from Coleridge's home in Nether Stowey. Her first and only film in Hungary, Mezei próféta (1947) ("Prophet of the Fields"), was banned by communist censorship. In 1802, Lowther's heir, William Lowther, 1st Earl of Lonsdale, paid the £4,000 owed to Wordsworth's father through Lowther's failure to pay his aide. Mary Hutchinson (1802-1850) Child (ren) of William Wordsworth and Mary Hutchinson. Is fitted:—and how exquisitely, too— Wordsworth spent his final years settled at Rydal Mount in England, travelling and continuing his outdoor excursions. In 1807 Wordsworth published Poems, in Two Volumes, including "Ode: Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood". On top of that was the grief she displayed the day before William’s wedding to their childhood friend, Mary Hutchinson. Married Fanny Graham and had four children: Mary Louisa, William, Reginald, Gordon. In 1813, he and his family, including Dorothy, moved to Rydal Mount, Ambleside (between Grasmere and Rydal Water), where he spent the rest of his life.[8]. She wrote, "We have hills which, seen from a distance almost take the character of mountains, some cultivated nearly to their summits, others in their wild state covered with furze and broom. But the book is essentially … Penrith, Cumbria, England, United Kingdom. After its release, Bartok divorced Paal and in 1951 married the publicist William Wordsworth. He is best known for ushering in the Romantic Age in English Literature with the joint publication of ‘Lyrical Ballads’ with Samuel Taylor Coleridge in 1798. Of the whole species) to the external World She and Paal parted ways in 1950, and a brief marriage to public relations wizard William Wordsworth ended after four years. On October 4th, 1802, William Wordsworth married Mary Hutchinson, at Brompton. While Coleridge was intellectually stimulated by the journey, its main effect on Wordsworth was to produce homesickness. Movies & TV. It was long supposed that Wordsworth relied chiefly on Coleridge for philosophical guidance, but more recently scholars have suggested that Wordsworth's ideas may have been formed years before he and Coleridge became friends in the mid-1790s. One of Wordsworth's most famous poems, "Tintern Abbey", was published in this collection, along with Coleridge's "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner". ‘Perfect Woman’, sometimes known by its first line, ‘She was a phantom of delight’, is a poem William Wordsworth (1770-1850) wrote in 1804 about his wife, Mary Hutchinson. The second stanza describes Mary as his wife. The external World is fitted to the Mind; By the age of fourteen, he had been bereaved of both his parents. It was also in 1795 that he met Samuel Taylor Coleridge in Somerset. [19] It was this repayment that afforded Wordsworth the financial means to marry. It was a … [6] He returned to Hawkshead for the first two summers of his time at Cambridge, and often spent later holidays on walking tours, visiting places famous for the beauty of their landscape. Following the death of his friend the painter William Green in 1823, Wordsworth also mended his relations with Coleridge. Death: January 17, 1859 (88) Rydal, Cumbria, England, United Kingdom. Dorothy continued to live with the couple and grew close to Mary. His hostile interactions with them distressed him to the point of contemplating suicide. In 1802 William Wordsworth was again married to his childhood friend Mary Hutchinson,in the following year Mary give birth to the first of five children. The death of his brother John, also in 1805, affected him strongly and may have influenced his decisions about these works. Place of Burial: St Oswald Churchyard, Grasmere, Cumbria, England. Its reception was lukewarm, however. Mary Ann Dolan (died after 1858) had one daughter Dora (born 1858). With the Peace of Amiens again allowing travel to France, in 1802 Wordsworth and his sister Dorothy visited Annette and Caroline in Calais. Married Fanny Graham and had four children: Mary Louisa, William, Reginald, Gordon, This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 20:36. Married Fanny Graham and had four children: Mary Louisa, William, Reginald, Gordon. Mary was anxious that Wordsworth should do more for Caroline. The second of five children born to John Wordsworth and Ann Cookson, William Wordsworth was born on 7 April 1770 in Wordsworth House in Cockermouth, Cumberland, part of the scenic region in northwestern England known as the Lake District. Accomplish ...[21]. Theme this but little heard of among Men, Wordsworth became depressed and died of “aggravated case of pleurisy” three years later in 1850. William Wordsworth died at Rydal Mount on April 23, 1850, leaving his wife Mary to publish The Prelude three months later. When was William Wordsworth born? [8] Afterwards he wrote the sonnet "It is a beauteous evening, calm and free", recalling a seaside walk with the 9-year-old Caroline, whom he had never seen before that visit. His mother was Anne, the only daughter of William Cookson, mercer of Penrith, and his wife Dorothy, nee Crackanthorp of Newbiggen Hall, Westmoreland. Catherine Wordsworth (6 September 1808 – 4 June 1812). William's sister, the poet and diarist Dorothy Wordsworth, to whom he was close all his life, was born the following year, and the two were baptised together. They walked in the area for about two hours every day, and the nearby hills consoled Dorothy as she pined for the fells of her native Lakeland. He wrote many of his best works there. His father was a lawyer. When Coleridge arrived back in England he travelled to the North with their publisher Joseph Cottle to meet Wordsworth and undertake a proposed tour of the Lake District. She met fourth husband, actor Curd Jurgens, while co-starring with him in the German film The Last Waltz (1953). Following the death of Robert Southey in 1843 Wordsworth became Poet Laureate. In 1802, Lowther's heir, William Lowther, 1st Earl of Lonsdale, paid the ₤4,000 debt owed to Wordsworth's father incurred through Lowther's failure to pay his aide. [16], Between 1795–1797, Wordsworth wrote his only play, The Borderers, a verse tragedy set during the reign of King Henry III of England, when Englishmen in the North Country came into conflict with Scottish border reivers. William Wordsworth’ Take on Human Life. Thomas Wordsworth. The first stanza describes the romantic phase of seeing his beloved. The Prelude is a spiritual autobiography based on Wordsworth’s travels through Europe and his observations of life. [4], Wordsworth was taught to read by his mother and attended, first, a tiny school of low quality in Cockermouth, then a school in Penrith for the children of upper-class families, where he was taught by Ann Birkett, who insisted on instilling in her students traditions that included pursuing both scholarly and local activities, especially the festivals around Easter, May Day and Shrove Tuesday. John Wordsworth (18 June 1803 – 1875). The two poets quickly developed a close friendship. Wordsworth's philosophical allegiances as articulated in The Prelude and in such shorter works as "Lines written a few miles above Tintern Abbey" have been a source of critical debate. William "Willy" Wordsworth (12 May 1810 – 1883). Catherine Wordsworth (6 September 1808 – 4 June 1812). By the time of their association, Stewart had published an ambitious work of original materialist philosophy entitled The Apocalypse of Nature (London, 1791), to which many of Wordsworth's philosophical sentiments may well be indebted. Thomas Wordsworth (15 June 1806 – 1 December 1812). William Wordsworth was associated with which movement? The second of five children born to John Wordsworth and Ann Cookson, William Wordsworth was born on 7 April 1770 in what is now named Wordsworth House in Cockermouth, Cumberland,[1] part of the scenic region in northwestern England known as the Lake District. William Wordsworth - William Wordsworth - Late work: In 1808 Wordsworth and his family moved from Dove Cottage to larger quarters in Grasmere, and five years later they settled at Rydal Mount, near Ambleside, where Wordsworth spent the remainder of his life. Wordsworth fell passionately in love with a French girl, Annette Vallon. Emily Brontë. This religious conservatism also colours The Excursion (1814), a long poem that became extremely popular during the nineteenth century. William Wordsworth was one of the founders of English Romanticism and one its most central figures and important intellects. William and Dorothy were to stay in France for a month.52 The purpose of the trip, plainly, was to get Annette's blessing on an intended marriage.53 The Wordsworths arrived back at London on August 30th. However, Wordsworth had spent his limited funds and was forced to return home. Wordsworth, Coleridge and Southey came to be known as the "Lake Poets". Wordsworth also gives his famous definition of poetry as "the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings: it takes its origin from emotion recollected in tranquility", and calls his own poems in the book "experimental". 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Clouds of Glory: William and Dorothy (1976) However, he supported her and his daughter as best he could in later life. Devastated by the death of his daughter Dora in 1847, Wordsworth seemingly lost his will to compose poems. William "Willy" Wordsworth (12 May 1810 – 1883). Married four times: Isabella Curwen (died 1848) had six children: Jane, Henry, William, John, Charles and Edward. Wordsworth's youthful political radicalism, unlike Coleridge's, never led him to rebel against his religious upbringing. [31] Though it failed to interest people at the time, it has since come to be widely recognised as his masterpiece. The Cooksons were well-to-do people who ran a large drapery near to the George Hotel in Penrith. William Wordsworth died at home at Rydal Mount from an aggravated case of pleurisy on 23 April 1850,[29][30] and was buried at St Oswald's Church, Grasmere. He did, however, write a poetic Prospectus to The Recluse in which he laid out the structure and intention of the whole work. Wordsworth wrote a guidebook to the region of his home called, "A Guide through the District of the Lakes." Wordsworth was taught both the Bible and the Spectator, but little else. His sister, the poet and diarist Dorothy Wordsworth, to whom he was close all his life, was born the … William Wordsworth Marriage. The following year saw the passing of James Hogg. In particular, while he was in revolutionary Paris in 1792, the 22-year-old Wordsworth made the acquaintance of the mysterious traveller John "Walking" Stewart (1747–1822),[20] who was nearing the end of his thirty years of wandering, on foot, from Madras, India, through Persia and Arabia, across Africa and Europe, and up through the fledgling United States. Eva Bartok, Actress: The Crimson Pirate. Taylor Swift's 2020 album Folklore mentions Wordsworth in her bonus track "The Lakes", which is thought to be about the Lake District. The Prospectus contains some of Wordsworth's most famous lines on the relation between the human mind and nature: ... my voice proclaims [24] The two were fully reconciled by 1828, when they toured the Rhineland together. The year was 1800, and William Wordsworth and his sister Dorothy Wordsworth were living in Dove Cottage near Grasmere. In 1814 Wordsworth published The Excursion as the second part of the three-part work The Recluse, even though he had not completed the first part or the third part, and never did. [3] However, he did encourage William in his reading, and in particular set him to commit large portions of verse to memory, including works by Milton, Shakespeare and Spenser. [8] During the harsh winter of 1798–99 Wordsworth lived with Dorothy in Goslar, and, despite extreme stress and loneliness, began work on the autobiographical piece that was later titled The Prelude. Dora Wordsworth (16 August 1804 – 9 July 1847). William Wordsworth Marriage, Affairs and Children. The following year Mary gave birth to the first of five children, three of whom predeceased her and William: Wordsworth had for years been making plans to write a long philosophical poem in three parts, which he intended to call The Recluse. [32], "Wordsworth" redirects here. The Reign of Terror left Wordsworth thoroughly disillusioned with the French Revolution and the outbreak of armed hostilities between Britain and France prevented him from seeing Annette and his daughter for some years. In 1795 he received a legacy of £900 from Raisley Calvert and became able to pursue a career as a poet. Catherine Wordsworth. However he does occasionally converse cheerfully & well; and when one knows how benevolent & excellent he is, it disposes one to be very much pleased with him."[26]. Three months after his death, Wordsworth's wife Mary published "The Prelude". (a) Caroline (b) Grace (c) Mary (d) Jane. His greatest work was “The Prelude” – dedicated to Samuel Taylor Coleridge. William "Willy" Wordsworth (12 May 1810 – 1883). [14] It was augmented significantly in the next edition, published in 1802. Dora Wordsworth. Upon Caroline's marriage, in 1816, Wordsworth settled £30 a year on her (equivalent to £2,313 as of 2019), payments which continued until 1835, when they were replaced by a capital settlement.[9][10]. Birth and parents William Wordsworth was born on 7 April 1770 at Cockermouth in Cumberland, son of John Wordsworth, and Ann, née Cookson, of Penrith. Mary Ann Dolan (d. after 1858) had one daughter Dora (b.1858). Later in his life, Wordsworth said about SShe Was a Phantom of Delight: “it was written from my heart”. In 1799 William and Dorothy moved to the village of Grasmere, and Wordsworth began work on a long piece he referred to as the "poem to Coleridge." [18] Throughout this period many of Wordsworth's poems revolved around themes of death, endurance, separation and grief. Some modern critics[22] suggest that there was a decline in his work beginning around the mid-1810s, perhaps because most of the concerns that characterised his early poems (loss, death, endurance, separation and abandonment) had been resolved in his writings and his life. In the Autumn of 1799, Wordsworth and his sister returned to England and visited the Hutchinson family at Sockburn. He was frequently away from home on business, so the young William and his siblings had little involvement with him and remained distant from him until his death in 1783. Wordsworth, Dorothy and Coleridge travelled to Germany in the autumn of 1798. William Wordsworth was all too familiar with loss. The year 1793 saw the first publication of poems by Wordsworth, in the collections An Evening Walk and Descriptive Sketches. In 1804 he began expanding this autobiographical work, having decided to make it a prologue rather than an appendix. Married four times: Isabella Curwen (d. 1848) had six children: Jane, Henry, William, John, Charles and Edward. In this way, it wouldn’t be wrong if we say that William Wordsworth is the father of Romanticism. The following year he received an appointment as Distributor of Stamps for Westmorland, and the stipend of £400 a year made him financially secure, albeit at the cost of political independence. Wordsworth's magnum opus is generally considered to be The Prelude, a semi-autobiographical poem of his early years that he revised and expanded a number of times. Despite the death of many contemporaries, the popularity of his poetry ensured a steady stream of young friends and admirers to replace those he lost. (a) Classicism (b) Romanticism (c) University Wits (d) Metaphysical. "He looks like a man that one must not speak to unless one has some sensible thing to say. Ideally they act as filters, guiding their children and teaching them to avoid the tempting trash.”—Louise Hart (20th century). Marriage. Wordsworth made his debut as a writer in 1787 when he published a sonnet in The European Magazine. In 1837, the Scottish poet and playwright Joanna Baillie reflected on her long acquaintance with Wordsworth. Coleridge) Grave of William Wordsworth : Eight yew trees by the churchyard wall were planted by Wordsworth. He wrote a number of other famous poems in Goslar, including "The Lucy poems". She and William did not meet again for nine years. Life at Penrith wasn't a happy time for Wordsworth, because he was unsatisfied with his grandparents' treatment; he still spent time at his grandparents' home and their relationship was still … And the creation (by no lower name He completed this work, now generally referred to as the first version of The Prelude, in 1805, but refused to publish such a personal work until he had completed the whole of The Recluse. Parents belong to society and are a part of that greater world. In 1802, he and Dorothy traveled to France so that he could meet his daughter Caroline and make arrangements for her support. Wordsworth has appeared as a character in works of fiction, including: Isaac Asimov's 1966 novelisation of the 1966 film Fantastic Voyage sees Dr. Peter Duval quoting Wordsworth's The Prelude as the miniaturised submarine sails through the cerebral fluid surrounding a human brain, comparing it to the "strange seas of thought". Can it be called) which they with blended might The second edition, published in 1800, had only Wordsworth listed as the author, and included a preface to the poems. Sometimes parents are a channel to the larger society, sometimes they are a shield from it. It was at the school in Penrith that he met the Hutchinsons, including Mary, who later became his wife.[5]. [23] By 1820, he was enjoying considerable success accompanying a reversal in the contemporary critical opinion of his earlier works. His widow, Mary, published his lengthy autobiographical "Poem to Coleridge" as The Prelude several months after his death. William Wordsworth (7 April 1770 – 23 April 1850) was an English Romantic poet who, with Samuel Taylor Coleridge, helped to launch the Romantic Age in English literature with their joint publication Lyrical Ballads (1798). In November 1791, Wordsworth visited Revolutionary France and became enchanted with the Republican movement. Married Edward Quillinan in 1843. [13] The volume gave neither Wordsworth's nor Coleridge's name as author. These delight me the most as they remind me of our native wilds. The poem She Was a Phantom of Delight has been written by William Wordsworth for his wife Mary Hutchinson. William also spent time at his mother's parents' house in Penrith, Cumberland, where he was exposed to the moors, but did not get along with his grandparents or his uncle, who also lived there. The poem has been divided into three stanzas having 10 lines each. [8] The circumstances of his return and his subsequent behaviour raised doubts as to his declared wish to marry Annette. In 1810, Wordsworth and Coleridge were estranged over the latter's opium addiction,[8] and in 1812, his son Thomas died at the age of 6, six months after the death of 3-year-old Catherine. Annette Vallon was his first wife. Wordsworth was Poet Laureate from 1843 until his death from pleurisy on 23 April 1850. After the death of Wordsworth's mother, in 1778, his father sent him to Hawkshead Grammar School in Lancashire (now in Cumbria) and sent Dorothy to live with relatives in Yorkshire. He initially refused the honour, saying that he was too old, but accepted when the Prime Minister, Robert Peel, assured him that "you shall have nothing required of you". In 1799 Dorothy and William Wordsworth moved to Dove Cottage in Grasmere, in the Lake District. He fell in love with a French woman, Annette Vallon, who, in 1792, gave birth to their daughter Caroline. William Wordsworth was born on 7 April 1770 at Cockermouth in Cumbria. Carol Ann Duffy. It is said that William Wordsworth wrote this poem for his wife, Mary Hutchinson. [8] Dorothy continued to live with the couple and grew close to Mary. It features three central characters: the Wanderer; the Solitary; who has experienced the hopes and miseries of the French Revolution; and the Pastor, who dominates the last third of the poem. 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